US national estimate, gang-related: 25,000, 1980-present [Hayden, Street Wars, The New Press, 2005]
Los Angeles, gang-related: 13,928, from 1980-2009. [LAPD data]
US drug overdoses increased over 400 percent in the period of 1980-99, and more than doubled between 1999 and 2005. The total overdose deaths between 1999 and 2005 was 112,865. [CDC, via Drug Policy Alliance]
Mexico: 22,700 deaths in border drug wars since the election of Felipe Calderon in 2006. [CNN]
Colombia: according to Colombian government data, 20,915 "subversives" and government forces have been killed since 2002; plus an additional 14,028 civilians.
Afghanistan: 10,000 died of overdoses in NATO countries during 2009 alone from Afghanistan heroin.
American VA reports 22,000 Iraq and Afghanistan veterans sought drug treatment in 2009, up from 9,000 in 2006.
- According to the New York Times, the US has under five percent of the world's population but nearly one-fourth of the world's inmates. 
- Total inmates, 2008: 2.3 millon, highest in world; China is second with 1.6 million inmates and four times the US population;
- US has 751 inmates per 100,000 population; Russia is second with 627/100,000; England has 151/100,000; Germany 88/100,000; Japan, 63/100,000.
- These rates have escalated since the Reagan era; from 1925 to 1975, the rate was stable at 110/100,000.
- In 1980, there were 40,000 in jails and prisons on drug charges; current numbers are 500,000, approximately.
- After 40 years, $1 trillion from US taxpayers. [AP, May 13, 2010.]
- From $100 million in first Nixon budget to $15.1 billion in 2010;
- $20 billion to fight drug gangs in Colombia, Mexico and other countries;
- $49 billion for policing US borders;
- $450 billion to incarcerate 37 million nonviolent drug offenders;
- $215 billion, according to the Department of Justice, for an "overburdened justice system, a strained health care system, lost productivity and environmental destruction."
- Obama's current budget request: $15.5 billion for drug war, $5.6 billion for prevention and treatment.
 "Report Shows Afghan Drugs Reach Deep in the West", NYT, Oct 23, 2009.
 Adam Liptak, "US Prison Population Dwarfs that of Other Nations", NYT, April 23, 2008.