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      Thursday
      Jun132013

      House Overwhelmingly Votes to Speed Afghan Withdrawal

      A local villager holds a baby watching a US Marine patrol pass through his backyard in Garmsir district, Helmand province, Afghanistan.

      This article appeared at The Nation on June 14, 2013.

      By a 305-121 margin, the House of Representatives voted Thursday to transfer US combat operations to the Afghan government by the end of 2013. The amendment to the 2014 National Defense Authorization Act also expresses the sense of the Congress that the President must seek Congressional approval for any post-2014 by no later than June 1, 2104. All US forces are currently scheduled to depart by December 31, 2014.   

      Politically, the development means that the Obama administration effectively lacks any congressional authorization for a permanent military occupation of Afghanistan, more than a decade since the broad green light passed by Congress after 9/11. “Today is the first time in 12 years of war that a majority of the House of Representatives has voted to end the war in Afghanistan,” said Stephen Miles of the Win Without War coalition. 

      Leadership on measure came from Representatives Barbara Lee (D-CA), Jim McGovern (D-MA), Adam Smith (D-WA), John Garamendi (D-CA), and Walter Jones (R-NC). Similar language was contained in a 2012 bill by Senator Jeff Merkley (D-OR), which passed on a 62-33 vote. Significantly, the proposal endorses “robust negotiations” toward a diplomatic settlement. Overall, the proposal offers bipartisan political cover for the Obama administration to speed up troop withdrawals and talks with the Taliban and other insurgencies. 

      The administration has reduced its troop commitment from 105,000 to 68,000 since last year, a level that Pentagon commanders are advocating remain steady until late into 2014. All American ground troops are scheduled to depart by December 31, 2014, with NATO troops following the same schedule. Afghanistan’s presidential election is planned for late 2014 as well.

      Diplomacy has been stuck for over one year since the Obama administration halted a deal in which captured US soldier Sgt. Bowe Bergdahl would be released by the Taliban in exchange for several Taliban leaders held in Guantanamo. Congressional Republicans have opposed the deal in the past. 

      As in the late stages of the Iraq War, Pentagon officials are pushing for a “post-war” occupation force of up to 15,000 Americans. President Obama has signaled his interest, as has President Hamid Karzai, but discussions remain inconclusive. In Iraq, time simply ran out and President Obama pulled all troops according to his proposed deadline. Iraq remains deeply divided and unstable, its government allied with Iran and its Sunni minority supporting resistance both in Iraq and Syria. 

      Afghanistan is far more unstable than Iraq. Karzai’s government in Kabul resembles that of Humpty-Dumpty, an inbred crony-capitalism culture chronically lacking a majority base. The resumption of civil war is a continuing possibility. How a sharply reduced US JSOC presence, including Night Raiders and drones, could succeed where over 100,000 American forces – 200,000 including NATO – failed to exterminate the insurgency is unknown. 

      Only a negotiated settlement might stabilize things, including full withdrawal of American troops and bases combined with assurances from Afghanistan, Pakistan and regional powers that Afghanistan will not be permitted to contain sanctuaries for Al Qaeda or jihadists bent on attacking Western targets. A power-sharing consortium, backed by regional powers, might be arranged after Karzai’s departure. Some in the national security establishment have suggested that the country devolve along ethnic-geographic lines into a de facto state of partition.

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      Reader Comments (1)

      The saving grace in keeping JSOC and the drones active in Afghanistan, at least for our eternally naïve political representatives who are forever bamboozled by our generals about a subject, war, that they have no first hand knowledge of, is that by withdrawing our regular troops en mass and leaving the aforementioned forces indefinitely active in Afghanistan and the rest of the world for that matter, is that no one will have to ask that famous John Kerry Vietnam War question of how do you ask someone to be the last man to die for a mistake?

      The spinelessness and sheer arrogance, combined with world class incompetence demonstrated by those we continue to elect is impossible to comprehend for those of us born with consciences and a touch of empathy.

      June 16, 2013 | Unregistered Commentermichael nola
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