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      The Fight for Peace Heats Up

      Sixty-four percent of Americans think the number of troops in Afghanistan should be decreased. (CBS News)The New York Times finally acknowledged this week that a significant withdrawal from Afghanistan is a real possibility being considered by the White House.

      In a lead story on June 6, the Times reported that the Obama administration is considering a “steeper” reduction of troops than previously discussed or acknowledged.

      The fact is that Democratic constituencies and leaders, responding to overwhelming public sentiment against the war, have been uniting in recent weeks behind a call for “substantial and significant” troops reductions and a transfer of war funds to job creation at home.

      The push began long before the killing of Osama bin Laden, though the al-Qaeda leader’s death has accelerated the momentum towards de-escalation.

      In effect, the Democrats finally have chosen to unite and align themselves with public peace sentiment and prepare a climate in which the president can make a bold step this month.

      But will Obama himself do so? The answer to that question may reveal the nature of his presidency and determine whether he can win back disillusioned Democrats in 2012.

      An Obama refusal to decide on a significant troop reduction may jeopardize his re-election and will reveal much about power in Washington. Is there an institutional mindset firmly committed to the Long War in spite of huge public opposition, or does democratic sentiment matter enough overrule the elites and shorten the war?

      Most polls show Democrats and independents favoring a more rapid pullout than Obama’s current proposal of ending combat operations by 2014. Consider the favorable sequence of events since February:

      • A resolution by Rep. Barbara Lee calling for rapid, significant reductions and a transfer of funds to job creation passed the Democratic National Committee without dissent.
      • Legislation by Rep. Jim McGovern calling for an accelerated timetable of withdrawal received 205 House votes, including an overwhelming majority of 178 Democrats.
      • The House voted unanimously against sending any ground troops to Libya, criticized  the president’s refusal to abide by the War Powers Act, and gave 148 votes to a Dennis Kucinich resolution which would have ended all support or the NATO military operation in Libya.
      • In the Senate, one-time Afghanistan hawks like John Kerry and Richard Lugar called for a fundamental rethink, while conservative Democratic Sen. Max Baucus even proposed pulling all combat troops out by 2012. This week 15 Senators sent a letter to Obama asking for a substantial drawdawn, with more signing by the day.
      • Obama himself told the Associated Press that his July announcement would order “significant” withdrawals.
      • In addition, Obama reconfigured his national security team by appointing the dovish Tom Donilan as director, replacing Robert Gates with Leon Panetta at Defense, and sending Gen. David Petraeus to the CIA where he might find it more difficult to oppose the president.

      Meanwhile, independent think tanks with close ties to the White House, like the Center for American Progress and the Afghanistan Study Group, have pushed for an initial withdrawal in the range of 50-60,000 American troops, ten times the figure pushed by the Pentagon.

      This entire scenario was foretold in Bob Woodward’s book on White House decision making leading up to the 2009 surge, Obama’s Wars. In those pages, Obama repeatedly expressed concern that he couldn’t afford to “lose the entire Democratic Party,” that he needed an exit strategy, and that he expected (and needed) a timetable demand to come from the then-Democratic Congress.

      The question now is whether he will bend to the Pentagon and the mainstream media whose voices are loudest in the Beltway, or heed the rank-and-file voters who have soured on the war and losing confidence in his presidency.

      Prediction: In once scenario, Obama bookends the competing demands of 15,000 and 50,000 and decides on 30,000, ending the surge. But if he wants a bigger political impact, he pulls all 47,000 troops out of Iraq and cuts the U.S. force in Afghanistan in half by 2012.

      Total reduction: 100,000 U.S. troops.

      Total direct taxpayer savings: $200 billion through 2012.

      The second course is better politics and policy. Committed peace advocates should ask no less.

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      Reader Comments (4)

      How I wish that President Obama would just be fearless and bold and end this war in Afghanistan despite politics. What does "politics" know anyway? Things are so screwed up in our version of "politics" what does he have to lose? And oh how much we would have to gain by putting an end to this losing battle. I am sorry that politics requires so much twisting and turning in the wind and my true hope is that if we can get Obama elected again, this time without re-election hanging over his head, we might find a truly inspirational president! If we do, I would say; President Obama, please don't let us down. Be bold and true and courageous and fearless and bring some sanity home!

      June 9, 2011 | Unregistered CommenterAndrea Schnitzler

      "In the social equation, the army constitutes an unknown quantity which it is better not to trust."--General Cluseret (from Paul Virilio's "Popular Defense and Ecological Studies.")
      We seem to be, as predicted by Clauswitz and other military historians, in a state of "permanent war," as each of the warring states prepares for the next conflict, tending toward a search for "the essence of war," which is "pure power."
      Any "drawdown" of troops from one theater of war or another is only temporary, because a soldier must not know peace, and because the state itself is military-by-nature. President Obama cannot change this dynamic, even if he understands it, which is doubtful. Humanity after centuries of war, has internalized it, and it now is a part of our very "nature." The people love and lust after war, until it ravages their own home. As long as it is "the blood of others" (Simone de Beauvoir), then "The tears of others are only water." (Russian proverb.)
      But, by all means, let's keep trying to change this, and stop all wars.

      June 9, 2011 | Unregistered CommenterMike Havenar

      You know what? I almost don't even care to hear about the winding down of the current wars. NOTHING has been done to stop the repeating cycle of wars, downsize our permanent ever-growing, standing army. The war people have had their way with us my whole entire life, and I am not interested in another round of abuse.

      The wars in Iraq and Afghanistan were totally unacceptable, and the last straw, for me. None of the wars since at least WW2 have been self defense. The U.S. has killed millions of innocent people in Korea, Vietnam, Iraq. Those people never attacked the U.S. So why did we kill them?

      90% of victims were noncombatants -horrific deaths-- burned to death, buried under buildings, shot with automatic weapons, artillery, blasted by explosives, often dying lingering deaths from infection or disease, or starvation.

      So I hope you will understand my disdain for the current discussion. Did it ever occur to all of you, that Americans actually, truly are not buying what the United States government is selling? What if there *IS NO DEAL*. That's where I sit, today. As long as my government can't stop killing people, downsize its military, there's NO DEAL for me. I want the United States to dissolve into regional governments like the Soviet Union. And there are other Americans who are absolutists on certain other issues-- the corporate takeover of politics, for example. The banks. Civil liberties, guns, abortions.... Did it ever occur to you that when this percentage gets beyond a certain point, there IS NO DEAL, no budget and no platform that can be sustained? We are Egypt. We are Syria. We are under the control of an authoritarian state that just won't quit, even when we tell them to quit.

      June 9, 2011 | Unregistered CommenterTodd Boyle

      Mr. Boyle, So nicely hat is off to you...See you October 6th.
      Lets take it back people...commit.....

      June 9, 2011 | Unregistered CommenterSandra Twang
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